The mushrooms pictured above are from a forest in Sao Paulo, Brazil. They're one of several new species:
"The freaky findings, reported today in the journal Mycologia, increases
the number of aglow mushroom species from 64 to 71, shedding light on
the evolution of luminescence in nature. The newly identified mushrooms,
which emit a bright, yellowish-green light 24 hours a day, were found
in Belize, Brazil, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Japan, Malaysia and
Puerto Rico. They include four species new to science and three new
reports of luminescence in known species."