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Gay Rights After SCOTUS: What If There's No 'Standing' or 'Jurisdiction'?

By ARI EZRA WALDMAN

The upcoming Supreme Court decisions on DOMA and Prop 8 will not be the last word on marriage, in particular, or gay rights, in general. As we look forward to those words, however, let's take a look ahead and discuss how the legal landscape may be more complicated after the end of June. "Gay Rights After SCOTUS" is Towleroad's series on LGBT legal issues after Perry and Windsor. In today's column, what are the implications if the Court finds no standing in Perry and no jurisdiction in Windsor.

1223497072For nearly two years, we have been familiarizing ourselves with some of the basic issues of federal litigation, including the byzantine rules of standing and jurisdiction. Standing is the right to bring a case in the first place; jurisdiction refers to whether a given court can hear a given case. They are two sides of the same coin: both standing and other jurisdictional questions do not touch on the substantive question the case asks, but rather help determine whether a party can bring a case and whether a court can hear it. They serve gate-keeping roles, preventing frivilous lawsuits or proceedings that violate the Constitution.

And they may give us somewhat unsatisfying results in the DOMA and Prop 8 cases.

What happens if jurisdictional questions get in the way of the Supreme Court's decision on DOMA and the freedom to marry?

The question in the Perry case is whether the citizens who wrote and pushed for Prop 8, the group ProtectMarriage, had the right to appeal Judge Walker's ruling to the Ninth Circuit. If not, Prop 8 is dead and the freedom to marry returns to California. But it returns only to California and the Ninth Circuit's decision is wiped out.

The question in the Windsor case is whether the case is at the Court's doorstep through the proper process and with the proper parties. If the Court finds it had no jurisdiction to hear the DOMA case, we would be left with the absurd rule that DOMA is unconstitutional in some areas and legal in other areas. That would be an administrative and legal nightmare.

On a broader view, jurisdictional decisions in Windsor and Perry would not be cop outs, but they would provide an unsatisfying stop along the way to full equality, most likely extending our journey and making it more difficult by virtually guaranteeing more trips to the Supreme Court. This might not be a bad thing, especially if the alternative is a anti-equality decision. AFTER THE JUMP, let's discuss the questions that jurisdictional holdings will and will not answer.

CONTINUED, AFTER THE JUMP...

LlinfoAs Lambda Legal's handy infographic explains, there are multiple avenues the Court could take. One path holds that despite all the time and effort we've spent bringing these cases to the Supreme Court, these cases don't belong there. And because the pro-equality side won in the courts below, such decisions would give us a good result. In Prop 8, Judge Walker's decision would stand and the world's fifth largest economy (California) would be the next equality state. In the DOMA case, the Second Circuit decision declaring DOMA unconstitutional would stand and DOMA would be unconstitutional in some jurisdictions. Notably, there are several other DOMA cases -- Golinski in California, Gill in Massachusetts, and Pedersen in Connecticut -- which could take over the process, but that would take us into the Court's next term.

Those results would be unsatisfying even though it allows California's gay couples to marry and further damages the DOMA brand. 

First, it would wipe out the Ninth Circuit's decision in Perry v. Brown. If you recall, that decision held that Prop 8 was unconstitutional not on the broad grounds that gay marriage bans violate equal protection or due process, but because California could not take away marriage rights already granted. That decision has its own problems, but it was, at a minimum, the first federal appellate court that declared a ban on marriage equality unconstitutional. A standing holding by the Supreme Court would hold that the Perry case should not have been before the Ninth Circuit at all, thus erasing that decision and its precedential value.

Second, it would create an absurd situation where DOMA is unconstitutional in the First and Second Circuits -- and possibly soon the Ninth Circuit -- and legal everywhere else. Administration of that result would be exceedingly hard: If you lived and married in New York, you get federal benefits and the IRS, immigration authorities, and others would treat you as married. If you lived down the highway in Maryland, you can get married, but since you're in the Fourth Circuit, where DOMA is still viable, you're strangers in the eyes of the federal government.

But a standing decision in the Prop 8 case is likely the best result we can realistically espect. The Court is unlikely to reach a sweeping decision legalizing marriage equality everywhere. The Court is also not likely to adopt the President's so-called 8 State Solution, which would invalidate marriage bans in those 8 states that have civil union laws that are identical to marriage, but without the name. We've discussed the logical problem with that argument before. Plus, I am not confident that this otherwise conservative Court will be able to cobble together 5 votes for anything other than the most narrow decision on an issue that is so toxic to some of them.

And thats ok. If a case is not properly before a court, that court has to dismiss it. Otherwise, we'd be inundated with frivolous and ridiculous lawsuits. It means that our quest for a national right to marry will continue going from state to state and would require another case to reach the Supreme Court (if we choose to go that route again), but it may not be such a bad thing to continue to drive our momentum forward in the states and give the federal courts some time to catch up.

***

Follow me on Twitter: @ariezrawaldman

Ari Ezra Waldman is the Associate Director of the Institute for Information Law and Policy and a professor at New York Law School and is concurrently getting his PhD at Columbia University in New York City. He is a 2002 graduate of Harvard College and a 2005 graduate of Harvard Law School. Ari writes weekly posts on law and various LGBT issues.

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Comments

  1. As usual excellent post. I agree that Prop 8 is likely bounced on standing, though I fear DOMA may also get bounced on standing. I do hold out hope for DOMA being found unconstitutional by a 5-4 vote, but I really don't know how the court gets around standing of BLAG. I just don't get how BLAG gets standing.

    Posted by: DC Insider | Jun 20, 2013 11:51:07 AM


  2. Wouldn't a standing ruling on Perry also leave Walker's ruling in place at the district court level, but still as a valid federal decision, one that (along with the trial record) could be cited in similar cases around the country?

    And, what about the aspect of that ruling that states that marriage IS a fundamental right?

    Posted by: Lymis | Jun 20, 2013 11:55:50 AM


  3. Here are my thoughts, and we'll see if I'm right in a few days...
    1. I don't think the court will rule "no standing". That would be extremely lame to wait until the very last minute to tell everyone that they decided to do nothing. Talk about drama queens.
    2. I think the ruling will come down on Wednesday, the 26th. Why, because that would be 10 years to the day that Lawrence v. Texas was decided. Also, by coincidence did you know the oral arguments for the Prop 8 case were heard on March 26th - which by the way was the same day that oral arguments for Lawrence were heard? Hummmmm....
    3. I believe the court will issue a 50 state ruling in favor of marriage equality. They know it's only a matter of time, and btw it is the right thing to do. It's obvious that gay people are being discriminated against and it's obvious there isn't a good reason for it, other than religious doctrine that btw isn't suppose to count.
    4. Kennedy isn't getting any younger and this would solidify his place in history as authoring the trilogy of gay rights cases.
    5. Roberts is going to be on the court a long time... if they don't rule for equality, this case is just going to boomerang back in some way, shape or form.

    Posted by: Gerry | Jun 20, 2013 12:19:27 PM


  4. What if you were married in Connecticut? Is that part of the 9th circuit? My partner is stuck in Brazil until this whole DOMA and immigration stuff is worked out.

    Posted by: Courtney s | Jun 20, 2013 12:38:50 PM


  5. Disappointing to see you join all the mainstream pundits, who can't even fathom the possibility that SCOTUS might actually decide these cases based on the law instead of politics. Perry will be at least 6-3, again finding that marriage is a fundamental individual right, and that sexual orientation gets heightened scrutiny. Windsor will be at least 8-1. There will be 6 votes on the basis of heightened scrutiny, and at least 5 on the basis of federalism, with several concurring in part. Roberts -- not Kennedy -- will write both opinions. He will omit Kennedy's libertarian views and usual analysis of developments in international law. Instead, will write a page and a half explaining the difference between civil marriage and religious marriage, and why churches won't be affected. Scalia's dissent will be blathering, but it will be more focused on granting standing than gay bashing (and many scholars will muse about how he was correct).

    Posted by: RVJ | Jun 20, 2013 12:42:49 PM


  6. SCOTUS rules against us? Then, I say "burn that mutha down!"

    Posted by: jamal49 | Jun 20, 2013 12:46:35 PM


  7. Ari, wouldn't a ruling on DOMA on standing issues similarly wipe out the 1st and 2nd Circuit appeals court rulings? If the executive (and the BLAG) lacked standing to appeal the 2nd Circuit ruling to the Supreme Court, why would they have had standing to appeal the district court ruling to the 2nd Circuit? Or to appeal the Gill district court ruling to the First Circuit?

    I realize that Adam Winkler has floated this outcome as possible, but from the standpoint of the Court it would seem utter chaos (which might be what Scalia et al want).

    Posted by: Mark | Jun 20, 2013 12:47:14 PM


  8. @RVJ - I agree with most of what you said with the exception of who will write the opinions. I believe Kennedy will write the marriage equality decision... that will be a nod to his authorship of Romer and Lawrence.

    Even though the decisions are based in law, Judges are human, which is why I believe the decision will come down on the 26th and Kennedy will write it.

    In any event, like I stated earlier, if they were going to rule no standing, that would have come earlier. Waiting until the last possible moment to announce in a grand manner that they aren't doing anything is just ridiculous.

    Posted by: Gerry | Jun 20, 2013 12:57:18 PM


  9. One other thing, we don't have reporting of the news anymore - it is now marketing of the news. You've got to build a suspense filled narrative to sell ad space. It's just ridiculous.

    Posted by: Gerry | Jun 20, 2013 12:59:52 PM


  10. @Gerry. Re: #5 & #3, I agree Roberts is going to be on the court a very long time, but this is all the more reason why he will kick the can down the road, and deal with the substance of this issue at a later date.

    Posted by: Howard | Jun 20, 2013 1:00:25 PM


  11. SCOTUS will deny Prop 8 on standing, and strike down DOMA. In the DOMA case if we can get 5 votes for equal protection then it will be a very good result and we can use that as precedent going forward.

    Posted by: Anthony | Jun 20, 2013 1:05:45 PM


  12. @Howard - Roberts may be on the court a long time, but Kennedy won't. Kennedy wrote Romer and Lawrence, and this completes the trilogy. Since the court knows that marriage equality is the right thing to do, they are going to seize the moment and just do it. I believe also the 10 year anniversary of Lawrence just makes it too irresistible.

    Posted by: Gerry | Jun 20, 2013 1:12:53 PM


  13. WHAT THE BIBLE SAYS ABOUT HOMOSEXUALITY


    Timothy 1:10
The law is for people who are sexually immoral, or who practice homosexuality, or are slave traders, liars, promise breakers, or who do anything else that contradicts the wholesome teaching
1 Timothy 1:9-11 (in Context) 1 Timothy 1 (Whole Chapter)


    1 Corinthians 6:9 Don’t you know that unrighteous people will have no share in the Kingdom of God? Don’t delude yourselves — people who engage in sex before marriage, who worship idols, who engage in sex after marriage with someone other than their spouse, who engage in active or passive homosexuality,
1 Corinthians 6:8-10 (in Context) 1 Corinthians 6 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Leviticus 18:22 “Do not practice homosexuality, having sex with another man as with a woman. It is a detestable sin.
Leviticus 18:21-23 (in Context) Leviticus 18 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Leviticus 20:13 “If a man practices homosexuality, having sex with another man as with a woman, both men have committed a detestable act. They must both be put to death, for they are guilty of a capital offense.
Leviticus 20:12-14 (in Context) Leviticus 20 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Revelation 22:15 Outside are the homosexuals, those involved with the occult and with drugs, the sexually immoral, murderers, idol-worshippers, and everyone who loves and practices falsehood.
Revelation 22:14-16 (in Context) Revelation 22 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Deuteronomy 23:18 “No woman of Isra’el is to engage in ritual prostitution, and no man of Isra’el is to engage in ritual homosexual prostitution.
Deuteronomy 23:17-19 (in Context) Deuteronomy 23 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Deuteronomy 23:19 Nothing earned through heterosexual or homosexual prostitution is to be brought into the house of Adonai your God in fulfillment of any vow, for both of these are abhorrent to Adonai your God.
Deuteronomy 23:18-20 (in Context) Deuteronomy 23 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Posted by: ANONTDH | Jun 20, 2013 1:16:29 PM


  14. WHAT THE BIBLE SAYS ABOUT HOMOSEXUALITY


    Timothy 1:10
The law is for people who are sexually immoral, or who practice homosexuality, or are slave traders, liars, promise breakers, or who do anything else that contradicts the wholesome teaching
1 Timothy 1:9-11 (in Context) 1 Timothy 1 (Whole Chapter)


    1 Corinthians 6:9 Don’t you know that unrighteous people will have no share in the Kingdom of God? Don’t delude yourselves — people who engage in sex before marriage, who worship idols, who engage in sex after marriage with someone other than their spouse, who engage in active or passive homosexuality,
1 Corinthians 6:8-10 (in Context) 1 Corinthians 6 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Leviticus 18:22 “Do not practice homosexuality, having sex with another man as with a woman. It is a detestable sin.
Leviticus 18:21-23 (in Context) Leviticus 18 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Leviticus 20:13 “If a man practices homosexuality, having sex with another man as with a woman, both men have committed a detestable act. They must both be put to death, for they are guilty of a capital offense.
Leviticus 20:12-14 (in Context) Leviticus 20 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Revelation 22:15 Outside are the homosexuals, those involved with the occult and with drugs, the sexually immoral, murderers, idol-worshippers, and everyone who loves and practices falsehood.
Revelation 22:14-16 (in Context) Revelation 22 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Deuteronomy 23:18 “No woman of Isra’el is to engage in ritual prostitution, and no man of Isra’el is to engage in ritual homosexual prostitution.
Deuteronomy 23:17-19 (in Context) Deuteronomy 23 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Deuteronomy 23:19 Nothing earned through heterosexual or homosexual prostitution is to be brought into the house of Adonai your God in fulfillment of any vow, for both of these are abhorrent to Adonai your God.
Deuteronomy 23:18-20 (in Context) Deuteronomy 23 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Posted by: ANONTDH | Jun 20, 2013 1:16:36 PM


  15. WHAT THE BIBLE SAYS ABOUT HOMOSEXUALITY


    Timothy 1:10
The law is for people who are sexually immoral, or who practice homosexuality, or are slave traders, liars, promise breakers, or who do anything else that contradicts the wholesome teaching
1 Timothy 1:9-11 (in Context) 1 Timothy 1 (Whole Chapter)


    1 Corinthians 6:9 Don’t you know that unrighteous people will have no share in the Kingdom of God? Don’t delude yourselves — people who engage in sex before marriage, who worship idols, who engage in sex after marriage with someone other than their spouse, who engage in active or passive homosexuality,
1 Corinthians 6:8-10 (in Context) 1 Corinthians 6 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Leviticus 18:22 “Do not practice homosexuality, having sex with another man as with a woman. It is a detestable sin.
Leviticus 18:21-23 (in Context) Leviticus 18 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Leviticus 20:13 “If a man practices homosexuality, having sex with another man as with a woman, both men have committed a detestable act. They must both be put to death, for they are guilty of a capital offense.
Leviticus 20:12-14 (in Context) Leviticus 20 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Revelation 22:15 Outside are the homosexuals, those involved with the occult and with drugs, the sexually immoral, murderers, idol-worshippers, and everyone who loves and practices falsehood.
Revelation 22:14-16 (in Context) Revelation 22 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Deuteronomy 23:18 “No woman of Isra’el is to engage in ritual prostitution, and no man of Isra’el is to engage in ritual homosexual prostitution.
Deuteronomy 23:17-19 (in Context) Deuteronomy 23 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Deuteronomy 23:19 Nothing earned through heterosexual or homosexual prostitution is to be brought into the house of Adonai your God in fulfillment of any vow, for both of these are abhorrent to Adonai your God.
Deuteronomy 23:18-20 (in Context) Deuteronomy 23 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Posted by: ANONTDH | Jun 20, 2013 1:16:44 PM


  16. WHAT THE BIBLE SAYS ABOUT HOMOSEXUALITY


    Timothy 1:10
The law is for people who are sexually immoral, or who practice homosexuality, or are slave traders, liars, promise breakers, or who do anything else that contradicts the wholesome teaching
1 Timothy 1:9-11 (in Context) 1 Timothy 1 (Whole Chapter)


    1 Corinthians 6:9 Don’t you know that unrighteous people will have no share in the Kingdom of God? Don’t delude yourselves — people who engage in sex before marriage, who worship idols, who engage in sex after marriage with someone other than their spouse, who engage in active or passive homosexuality,
1 Corinthians 6:8-10 (in Context) 1 Corinthians 6 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Leviticus 18:22 “Do not practice homosexuality, having sex with another man as with a woman. It is a detestable sin.
Leviticus 18:21-23 (in Context) Leviticus 18 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Leviticus 20:13 “If a man practices homosexuality, having sex with another man as with a woman, both men have committed a detestable act. They must both be put to death, for they are guilty of a capital offense.
Leviticus 20:12-14 (in Context) Leviticus 20 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Revelation 22:15 Outside are the homosexuals, those involved with the occult and with drugs, the sexually immoral, murderers, idol-worshippers, and everyone who loves and practices falsehood.
Revelation 22:14-16 (in Context) Revelation 22 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Deuteronomy 23:18 “No woman of Isra’el is to engage in ritual prostitution, and no man of Isra’el is to engage in ritual homosexual prostitution.
Deuteronomy 23:17-19 (in Context) Deuteronomy 23 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Deuteronomy 23:19 Nothing earned through heterosexual or homosexual prostitution is to be brought into the house of Adonai your God in fulfillment of any vow, for both of these are abhorrent to Adonai your God.
Deuteronomy 23:18-20 (in Context) Deuteronomy 23 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Posted by: ANONTDH | Jun 20, 2013 1:16:45 PM


  17. WHAT THE BIBLE SAYS ABOUT HOMOSEXUALITY


    Timothy 1:10
The law is for people who are sexually immoral, or who practice homosexuality, or are slave traders, liars, promise breakers, or who do anything else that contradicts the wholesome teaching
1 Timothy 1:9-11 (in Context) 1 Timothy 1 (Whole Chapter)


    1 Corinthians 6:9 Don’t you know that unrighteous people will have no share in the Kingdom of God? Don’t delude yourselves — people who engage in sex before marriage, who worship idols, who engage in sex after marriage with someone other than their spouse, who engage in active or passive homosexuality,
1 Corinthians 6:8-10 (in Context) 1 Corinthians 6 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Leviticus 18:22 “Do not practice homosexuality, having sex with another man as with a woman. It is a detestable sin.
Leviticus 18:21-23 (in Context) Leviticus 18 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Leviticus 20:13 “If a man practices homosexuality, having sex with another man as with a woman, both men have committed a detestable act. They must both be put to death, for they are guilty of a capital offense.
Leviticus 20:12-14 (in Context) Leviticus 20 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Revelation 22:15 Outside are the homosexuals, those involved with the occult and with drugs, the sexually immoral, murderers, idol-worshippers, and everyone who loves and practices falsehood.
Revelation 22:14-16 (in Context) Revelation 22 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Deuteronomy 23:18 “No woman of Isra’el is to engage in ritual prostitution, and no man of Isra’el is to engage in ritual homosexual prostitution.
Deuteronomy 23:17-19 (in Context) Deuteronomy 23 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Posted by: ANONTDH | Jun 20, 2013 1:17:09 PM


  18. WHAT THE BIBLE SAYS ABOUT HOMOSEXUALITY


    Timothy 1:10
The law is for people who are sexually immoral, or who practice homosexuality, or are slave traders, liars, promise breakers, or who do anything else that contradicts the wholesome teaching
1 Timothy 1:9-11 (in Context) 1 Timothy 1 (Whole Chapter)


    1 Corinthians 6:9 Don’t you know that unrighteous people will have no share in the Kingdom of God? Don’t delude yourselves — people who engage in sex before marriage, who worship idols, who engage in sex after marriage with someone other than their spouse, who engage in active or passive homosexuality,
1 Corinthians 6:8-10 (in Context) 1 Corinthians 6 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Leviticus 18:22 “Do not practice homosexuality, having sex with another man as with a woman. It is a detestable sin.
Leviticus 18:21-23 (in Context) Leviticus 18 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Leviticus 20:13 “If a man practices homosexuality, having sex with another man as with a woman, both men have committed a detestable act. They must both be put to death, for they are guilty of a capital offense.
Leviticus 20:12-14 (in Context) Leviticus 20 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Revelation 22:15 Outside are the homosexuals, those involved with the occult and with drugs, the sexually immoral, murderers, idol-worshippers, and everyone who loves and practices falsehood.
Revelation 22:14-16 (in Context) Revelation 22 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Posted by: ANONTDH | Jun 20, 2013 1:17:14 PM


  19. WHAT THE BIBLE SAYS ABOUT HOMOSEXUALITY


    Timothy 1:10
The law is for people who are sexually immoral, or who practice homosexuality, or are slave traders, liars, promise breakers, or who do anything else that contradicts the wholesome teaching
1 Timothy 1:9-11 (in Context) 1 Timothy 1 (Whole Chapter)


    1 Corinthians 6:9 Don’t you know that unrighteous people will have no share in the Kingdom of God? Don’t delude yourselves — people who engage in sex before marriage, who worship idols, who engage in sex after marriage with someone other than their spouse, who engage in active or passive homosexuality,
1 Corinthians 6:8-10 (in Context) 1 Corinthians 6 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Leviticus 18:22 “Do not practice homosexuality, having sex with another man as with a woman. It is a detestable sin.
Leviticus 18:21-23 (in Context) Leviticus 18 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Leviticus 20:13 “If a man practices homosexuality, having sex with another man as with a woman, both men have committed a detestable act. They must both be put to death, for they are guilty of a capital offense.
Leviticus 20:12-14 (in Context) Leviticus 20 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Posted by: ANONTDH | Jun 20, 2013 1:17:19 PM


  20. WHAT THE BIBLE SAYS ABOUT HOMOSEXUALITY


    Timothy 1:10
The law is for people who are sexually immoral, or who practice homosexuality, or are slave traders, liars, promise breakers, or who do anything else that contradicts the wholesome teaching
1 Timothy 1:9-11 (in Context) 1 Timothy 1 (Whole Chapter)


    1 Corinthians 6:9 Don’t you know that unrighteous people will have no share in the Kingdom of God? Don’t delude yourselves — people who engage in sex before marriage, who worship idols, who engage in sex after marriage with someone other than their spouse, who engage in active or passive homosexuality,
1 Corinthians 6:8-10 (in Context) 1 Corinthians 6 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Leviticus 18:22 “Do not practice homosexuality, having sex with another man as with a woman. It is a detestable sin.
Leviticus 18:21-23 (in Context) Leviticus 18 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Posted by: ANONTDH | Jun 20, 2013 1:17:24 PM


  21. WHAT THE BIBLE SAYS ABOUT HOMOSEXUALITY


    Timothy 1:10
The law is for people who are sexually immoral, or who practice homosexuality, or are slave traders, liars, promise breakers, or who do anything else that contradicts the wholesome teaching
1 Timothy 1:9-11 (in Context) 1 Timothy 1 (Whole Chapter)


    1 Corinthians 6:9 Don’t you know that unrighteous people will have no share in the Kingdom of God? Don’t delude yourselves — people who engage in sex before marriage, who worship idols, who engage in sex after marriage with someone other than their spouse, who engage in active or passive homosexuality,
1 Corinthians 6:8-10 (in Context) 1 Corinthians 6 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Leviticus 18:22 “Do not practice homosexuality, having sex with another man as with a woman. It is a detestable sin.
Leviticus 18:21-23 (in Context) Leviticus 18 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Posted by: ANONTDH | Jun 20, 2013 1:17:25 PM


  22. WHAT THE BIBLE SAYS ABOUT HOMOSEXUALITY


    Timothy 1:10
The law is for people who are sexually immoral, or who practice homosexuality, or are slave traders, liars, promise breakers, or who do anything else that contradicts the wholesome teaching
1 Timothy 1:9-11 (in Context) 1 Timothy 1 (Whole Chapter)


    1 Corinthians 6:9 Don’t you know that unrighteous people will have no share in the Kingdom of God? Don’t delude yourselves — people who engage in sex before marriage, who worship idols, who engage in sex after marriage with someone other than their spouse, who engage in active or passive homosexuality,
1 Corinthians 6:8-10 (in Context) 1 Corinthians 6 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Posted by: ANONTDH | Jun 20, 2013 1:17:30 PM


  23. WHAT THE BIBLE SAYS ABOUT HOMOSEXUALITY


    Timothy 1:10
The law is for people who are sexually immoral, or who practice homosexuality, or are slave traders, liars, promise breakers, or who do anything else that contradicts the wholesome teaching
1 Timothy 1:9-11 (in Context) 1 Timothy 1 (Whole Chapter)


    1 Corinthians 6:9 Don’t you know that unrighteous people will have no share in the Kingdom of God? Don’t delude yourselves — people who engage in sex before marriage, who worship idols, who engage in sex after marriage with someone other than their spouse, who engage in active or passive homosexuality,
1 Corinthians 6:8-10 (in Context) 1 Corinthians 6 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

    Posted by: ANONTDH | Jun 20, 2013 1:17:31 PM


  24. WHAT THE BIBLE SAYS ABOUT HOMOSEXUALITY


    Timothy 1:10
The law is for people who are sexually immoral, or who practice homosexuality, or are slave traders, liars, promise breakers, or who do anything else that contradicts the wholesome teaching
1 Timothy 1:9-11 (in Context) 1 Timothy 1 (Whole Chapter)


    Posted by: ANONTDH | Jun 20, 2013 1:17:36 PM


  25. WHAT THE BIBLE SAYS ABOUT HOMOSEXUALITY


    Timothy 1:10
The law is for people who are sexually immoral, or who practice homosexuality, or are slave traders, liars, promise breakers, or who do anything else that contradicts the wholesome teaching
1 Timothy 1:9-11 (in Context) 1 Timothy 1 (Whole Chapter)


    Posted by: ANONTDH | Jun 20, 2013 1:17:36 PM


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