Gay Couple Challenges Kentucky's Ban On Same-Sex Marriage
A couple in Kentucky has joined the ranks of countless others who are fighting state-wide bans on same-sex marriage, USA Today reports. The lawsuit, filed in Louisville Friday morning by attorneys Shannon Fauver and Dawn Elliot, is the first federal challenge to Kentucky's ban on same-sex marriage which not only prohibits same-sex couples from marrying in Kentucky but also denies recognition of same-sex marriages performed elsewhere. The couple who brought the suit, Michael DeLeon and Gregory Bourke, married in 2004 in Ontario, Canada but have been together for over 30 years, first meeting in college at the University of Kentucky. DeLeon and Bourke have adopted two children together, a son, now 15, and a daughter, 14. Part of their motivation in filing was to have the same rights and securities afforded to heterosexual couples and their children. DeLeon told USA Today,"There's no reason why we should be second-class citizens...We should be at the table with everybody else."
Kentucky's ban on same-sex marriage was added to the state's constitution in 2004, a big year for anti-gay marriage activists who capitalized on then-widespread disapproval of gay marriage following Massachusetts's state Judicial Supreme Court ruling in favor of same-sex marriage and San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom's issuing of marriage licenses to gay couples at San Francisco City Hall. You'll recall 2004 was also the year that President George W. Bush advocated amending the US constitution to ban same-sex marriage on a federal level. Ten states in addition to Kentucky ammended their constitutions that year to include language prohibiting same-sex marriage.
However, the tide has begun to turn with the US Supreme Court's gutting of DOMA and effective overturn of California's same-sex ban, Prop. 8. Of the day those rulings were handed down Bourke said, "That was probably the most hopeful day we've had in our 31 years of being together." Immediately after, Fauver and Elliot saw an opportunity to make a change in Kentucky, and they began to seek out a couple they could represent to challenge the state's ban. "We thought somebody should do it...It's our duty as lawyers to try to right wrongs when we see them," Fauver said. In their 19 page brief, Fauver and Elliot hit all the right notes, invoking equal protection, heightened scrutiny, and discrimination:
"Kentucky’s exclusion of same-sex couples from marriage infringes on the Due Process and the Equal Protection Clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. This discriminatory treatment is subject to heightened scrutiny because it burdens the fundamental right to marry and because it discriminates based on sex and sexual orientation. But it cannot stand under any level of scrutiny because the exclusion does not rationally further any legitimate government interest. It serves only to disparage and injure lesbian and gay couples and their families."