Crime | India | News

Delhi High Court Strikes Down Law, Decriminalizing Homosexuality


"The Delhi High Court ruled that treating consensual gay sex as a crime is a violation of fundamental rights protected by India's constitution. The ruling, the first of its kind in India, applies only in New Delhi...But some religious leaders quickly criticized the ruling. 'This Western culture cannot be permitted in our country,' said Maulana Khalid Rashid Farangi Mahali, a leading Muslim cleric in the northern city of Lucknow...The court's verdict came more than eight years after the New Delhi-based foundation filed its petition — not unusually long in India's notoriously clogged court system. The verdict can be challenged in India's Supreme Court...The court's verdict, however, should protect New Delhi's gay community from criminal charges and police harassment."

Rex Wockner has posted some excerpts from the opinion.


The Delhi High Court is set to rule tomorrow on Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, a law punishing gay sex with up to 10 years in prison. The law was put in place by British colonists in 1861. Activists, and health officials have been pushing for its repeal for years. Last August, India's Health Minister Anbumani Ramadoss spoke out against it, saying it inhibits the government's ability to fight AIDS in the country.

Last October, the Delhi High Court demanded scientific evidence and not religious texts as justification for the country's continued criminalization of homosexuality. India's Home Ministry has been firm in its opposition.

On Sunday, activists in Delhi and other cities took to the streets. It was Delhi's second gay parade.

Watch a news report on it as well as some interviews, AFTER THE JUMP...

India LGBT group Queer Media Collective released a statement:

"The Queer Media Collective welcomes the Delhi High Court's decision, in the Public Interest Litigation filed by Naz India and Voices Against 377, to read down Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code so that it no longer applies to consenting adults.

Section 377 has been used to criminalise homosexuals in India, and by removing consenting adults from its purview the Delhi High Court has made a powerful statement on the importance of respecting basic human rights of queer people in India.

By making this decision the Delhi High Court has also acted to correct a historical injustice. Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code was imposed by the British on the historically tolerant attitudes to sexuality that have always existed in India. The law has continued to exist in India long after the British changed their laws in the UK.

Because this law continued to exist in India thousands of people have suffered harassment, discrimination and blackmail simply because they chose to love someone of their same sex. Lesbian couples have been forced to commit suicide, gay men have been blackmailed and forced into marriages that damage both themselves and their wives, and transgendered people have suffered continual violence - for none of which they have had recourse because under Section 377 they all were criminals just for being who they were.

Across the world countries that value tolerance, diversity and the importance of the freedom to lead one's life without harming others have stopped treating homosexuals as criminals. In India people from all walks of life, including legal scholars, intellectuals like Amartya Sen, Vikram Seth and Swami Agnivesh (who signed a letter supporting this case), media and Bollywood personalities and politicians like Health Minister Ambumani Ramadoss have all affirmed the need to change this law.

Now with this decision of the Delhi High Court India has taken the first step towards this much needed change. We call on the Indian government to support this decision. We call on other courts to take note of this judgement. We call on the police to stop any harassment of queer people. And we call on all people, in India and abroad, to welcome this verdict as a victory for basic common sense and basic human rights."

Feed This post's comment feed


  1. भारत जाने जाते हैं! समय पर मिल उपनिवेशवाद से छुटकारा पा लिया!

    Posted by: bading | Jul 1, 2009 8:43:00 PM

  2. My guess (and hope, obviously) is that they'll decriminalize it. But I have no idea how that story can claim there only 10 countries where homosexuality is illegal. With 49 African countries, more than a dozen Middle Eastern countries, and many Muslim or conservative Asian countries (Burma, Malaysia), the number is much higher. (I'm not saying it's illegal in all those countries, but it is in many or most; check Wikipedia.)

    From the crowd shots, all gay people in India are transvestites and their Western sympathizers. It would hardly be surprising if filming of Pride in India is as unrepresentative as in the US and elsewhere.

    Posted by: Paul R | Jul 1, 2009 8:48:44 PM

  3. Part of the trans thing might be the history of the Hijra in Indian culture, which really got the shaft in a major way during the Raj (just google it). A really interesting and ancient manifestation of gender plurality got the old rubout- really sad.

    My heart goes out to those in the more backwards countries that still imprison or kill their queer people-

    Posted by: Matt | Jul 1, 2009 9:42:17 PM

  4. Now that is gay pride. Fighting and marching for rights, not prancing in the street half naked.

    Posted by: David | Jul 2, 2009 1:01:07 AM

  5. It's done! Gay sex is now legal in India

    Posted by: Matt N | Jul 2, 2009 1:32:52 AM

  6. They did it!

    Posted by: Mike Hines | Jul 2, 2009 1:35:03 AM

  7. As half indian. I hope they strike down this discriminatory law.

    Posted by: Dino Morea | Jul 2, 2009 1:37:26 AM

  8. congrats to all indians out there!

    Posted by: abhi | Jul 2, 2009 1:46:06 AM

  9. I read there can be an appeal to the Supreme Court of India now? Is this really a done deal?

    Posted by: Bruno | Jul 2, 2009 2:08:06 AM

  10. Gay sex is legal in Delhi, which is the extent of the High Court's jurisdiction. The next step would either be a Supreme Court ruling (on the appeal of the Government of India) or the parliamentary repeal of Section 377.

    Posted by: Ben | Jul 2, 2009 4:25:25 AM

  11. YAY!
    this is so awesome

    Posted by: Derek | Jul 2, 2009 10:28:47 AM

  12. "This Western culture cannot be permitted in our country"? Really? Urban India is among the most Westernized parts of South Asia.

    Of course, like the US, India is split into states. But hopefully India's desire to be modern and eliminate all traces of colonialism will advance this effort.

    Posted by: Paul R | Jul 2, 2009 11:38:26 AM

  13. It's good that for now Delhi treats all its citizens equally with respect to their sexual lives.

    Did you notice who is against this equal treatment? That's right, a Muslim religious leader. That is why it's so important that Radical Religious Extremists not be allowed to take control of civil life anywhere.

    Posted by: Sargon Bighorn | Jul 2, 2009 11:43:05 AM

  14. The Western culture argument is basically a cute, pseudo-intellectual way of saying:

    "White people are gay."

    Which is, of course, as absurd as it sounds. Unfortunately, we have no right to chastise Indians for believing this. Plenty of people in this country - gay and otherwise - seem to believe this nonsense too. How many times have we seen "gay" and "black" talked about as if they were mutually exclusive categories?

    Posted by: John | Jul 2, 2009 12:33:39 PM

  15. david - ur so ryt on the money!!...

    Posted by: drake | Jul 2, 2009 1:39:59 PM

  16. I certinaly never thought I would see Amartya Sen mentioned on this site.

    Posted by: Paul R | Jul 2, 2009 2:39:26 PM

  17. This came as quite a surprise to me. I expected the Parliament to be too conservative and backward-looking to strike down the law now. But after nearly 150 yrs, the time is certainly ripe for such a change!! Congrats to all the GLBT folks living in New Delhi. This is an enormous milestone for all of you to celebrate!! Now for the rest of the country, and quickly!

    Posted by: Timotito | Jul 2, 2009 5:51:05 PM

Post a comment


« «Towleroad Guide to the Tube #502« «